Paolo Soleri

Italian-American architect Paolo Soleri died at 93, in April 2013. He was widely known for his design of Arcosanti — an experimental eco-town in Arizona with a low-impact environmental design. His commitment to this project and its values — passive design that dealt with pollution and energy depletion — made him coin the term ‘Arcology’ (architecture and ecology) to define the project. Born in Turin, Italy, he moved to the US in 1946 after receiving his PhD in architecture from the Polytechnico di Toreno. While working with architect Frank Lloyd Wright in Arizona, he designed a bridge that was displayed at the Museum of Modern Art, New York. This catapulted him to success. He then took on projects such as the Paolo Soleri Amphitheater in Santa Fe, New Mexico, and the Ceramica Artistica Solimene,  Italy. In 1963, he received the American Institute of Architects Gold Medal for Craftmanship, and became an honorary Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects in 1996. Arcosanti (still under construction) currently has a 60-strong community.